In accounting, a bank reconciliation is a process by which the financial institution’s books of accounts are reconciled with the books of accounts of another entity. The difference in the two accounts must be reviewed and, if necessary, corrected. The reason for requiring a reconciliation of the accounts may be because of errors or omissions made by a former owner or officer, changes made to the accounting methods or internal controls, or changes in accounting procedures.
When bank reconciliation occurs, account statements are compared to bank statements. Bank statements are statements that are prepared to be sent to shareholders and creditors for the benefit of these entities. Accounts that are reported on bank statements do not necessarily include all transactions made by the company and do not include all transactions made by other entities. Most banks report a limited number of financial activities on their financial statements; therefore, the statement cannot include all the transactions performed by the company.
A bank reconciliation occurs when an audit is requested. The auditor is hired to review the bank accounts and determine whether or not they have correctly been reported. The auditor verifies that the statement is correct and that the statement is consistent with what is contained in the bank statement of account. Bank reconciliation results show the difference in the balances of the bank accounts.
If the balance in one of the accounts is greater than the balance in the other, the bank reconciliation is an appropriate action. A bank reconciliation results in a statement of difference and this statement is usually provided to shareholders and creditors of the company. A reconciliation can also be referred to as an accounting reconciliation because it is an accounting activity.
It is important to remember that accounting reconciliation only results in a balance change in the bank statement of accounts when both bank statements are viewed in their entirety. When one is viewed, the other is usually not corrected unless it affects the value of the corporation. As a result, the statement of difference is a complete account statement.
A difference is considered to be incorrect only if it will reduce the value of the corporation and the statement of difference does not contain information about the difference. This information.
Both bank statements of account must be prepared in the same year and the same jurisdiction. Otherwise, the company is not reporting the information on bank statements of accounts for tax purposes. However, the reconciliation report must include only bank statements of accounts that are required by the government and are maintained in the same year. If the statement of accounts differs by jurisdiction, the accounting comparison must show that the difference resulted from a different source or a different time period.
Bank reconciliation provides a means of ensuring the accuracy of the accounts of an organization. If there is an error, the auditor makes it known and the mistake can be corrected. When an auditor determines an error, it can be corrected before the balance sheet is issued, allowing the company to enter into a new agreement with an accountant or bookkeeper, thereby establishing the new accounts.
Bank reconciliation provides a method for tracking the effect of the purchase of a particular asset, the cost of making the asset, and its fair market value at the date of purchase. When an organization purchases an asset, the expense and the fair market value of the asset are recorded. If there is a gain on the asset, the expense and the fair market value are recorded as a positive difference. The profit and expense are reported as part of the statement of income.
The difference between the profit and expense is then divided by the profit and expense recorded and this difference is reported on the statement of income. The profit and expense are reported on the statement of income by category. This is the basis that all the profit and expense that has been received are divided between the expense and the profit, with the profit being the greater of the two. In other words, when a company earns money, all the profit is divided between the cost of the activity and the profit.
Profit and expense should be reported in the order of profit to expense. In addition, they should be reported as an itemized statement to show what proportion of each is attributable to each category of activity. These items are generally separated by categories as well as by type of activity. These categories are primarily the same as those used in the balance sheet, but sometimes they are divided into smaller categories to show the proportions of each type of activity.
There are two types of profit, gross and net. A company’s profit is the difference between the gross sales less its costs. Net profit is the difference between the cost of sales and the selling price. This is determined by subtracting the cost of sales from the selling price.